LWDW 299: Meme Linux 35!

Fedora 35 launches with a gang of new features! Linux 5.15 adds support for NTFS, Firefox enables EGL on X, and building a Raspberry Pi powered cinema camera.



00:00 Intro
06:35 Fedora 35 released
11:58 Linux kernel 5.15
16:53 ALSA support for MOTU MK3 effects
25:03 Firefox 94 enables EGL
34:03 Xorg variable refresh rate support
40:58 Multi Linux containers for ChromeOS
48:28 Raspberry Pi Zero 2 W
56:08 Canada Pi: Pi cinema camera

Fedora 35


  • The default workstation edition features GNOME 41, and is the first distribution to feature it.
  • A new Fedora Linux variant Fedora Kinoite is introduced which is a KDE Plasma desktop based on rpm ostree.
  • It is a Fedora Silverblue variant, but uses the KDE desktop instead of the GNOME desktop.
  • Cloud images have hybrid boot support, unifying the legacy (BIOS) and UEFI boot modes.
  • Fedora Cloud 35 now uses BTRFS.
  • WirePlumber session manager.
  • If you want to play with the latest preconfigured Pipewire & Wayland hotness, this is the way. 
  • Unless you’re a tech YouTuber. 
  • I like the idea of Kinoite a bit better than Silverblue.
  • Yes, purely because it’s KDE rather than GNOME.
  • But if I were to be serious, these kinds of OS are great for enterprise or for a chromebook style device.
  • No, I wouldn’t recommend replacing ChromeOS with Kinoite or Silverblue.
  • But if you’re putting together a laptop for a family person so that they can do their browsing, emailing, and media consumption, this is very much worth considering.
  • Outside of that, for just the traditional spin
  • Still a meme distro. 


Linux 5.15


  • On Halloween Linus Torvalds gave us a treat, with the Linux Kernel 5.15 release, and it includes lots of important new features!
  • It includes Paragon Software’s new NTFS file system driver, ‘NTFS3’.
  • Initial Support for Intel DG2/Alchemist Discrete Graphics.
  • Improvements for AMD CPUs/GPUs:
    • Temperature monitoring support added for AMD Zen 3 based APUs.
    • A new audio driver for the Van Gogh APU, which should benefit Valve’s Steam Deck.
    • And support for upcoming RDNA2 graphics cards in the AMDGPU kernel driver.
  • A newer Realtek RTL8188EU Wi-Fi driver.
  • This audio brought to you by kernel 5.15.
  • 5.15 will be the new LTS. 
  • Projected EOL 2023.
  • All the new audio bits are hit and miss with RT. 
  • New module option ‘lowlatency’ to snd-usb-audio driver.
  • Add support for MOTU 896HD
  • Apparently the -Werror shenanigans have been sorted.
  • Don’t know if they dropped it or stuck with it, but whatever it was 5.15 is now up for public consumption.


MOTU effects



  • Everyone’s favourite ALSA kernel developer sent me a message Saturday night. 
  • Adding ALSA controls for the internal effects on MOTU MK3 interfaces. 
  • No fancy GUI but 9000% better than using the 4-knob spin-push-pray method. 
  • Getting it setup will be a task since it requires several new bits.  


Firefox 94 + EGL



  • EGL is already a thing for Firefox on Wayland. 
  • This will be for Firefox on X. 
  • You will need NVidia drivers 495 to enjoy the full benefits, since them’s the ones that enable GBM over EGL.
  • As of Firefox 94, users using Mesa driver >= 21 will get it by default, and I will get to test this on one of my Garuda Linux boxes with an RX 580.
  • In Firefox 94 you can use about:unloads to release system resources by manually unloading tabs without closing them.
  • gfx.x11-egl.force-enabled
  • Appears to be working?
  • They didn’t enable it by default due to some bugs. 
  • With 94 you’ll find a selection of six fun seasonal Colorways.


X.Org Server 21.1


  • Variable refresh rate support.
  • Having proper support for variable refresh rate should alleviate a lot of the issues around it.
  • Though I suspect people like myself with mixed VRR monitors will still be reliant on NVidia’s drivers.
  • And be subject to memory leaks from KWin because it throws a little fit when you force different refresh rates on your monitors.
  • After more than three years of development, X.Org Server 21.1 is here!
  • And thank goodness, I was getting worried about X.Org development, since Wayland is the new hotness.
  • X.Org Server 21.1 features:
    • Better Meson build system support.
    • The 2D acceleration driver for the X Server, Glamor, now has added support for Xvfb, or the X virtual framebuffer display server.
    • And it has X Input 2.4 touchpad gestures support.
    • As well as it now correctly reports display DPI in more cases, which will help hi-DPI screens.


Multi Linux on Chrome


  • The multi container management UI is still in development, but you can enable it to poke at it if you’d like.
  • Is Google finally trying to get ChromeOS to behave more like a proper OS?
  • I am so happy that Linux is finally a first class citizen on Chromebooks, and out of Beta.
  • It’s been 3 years in beta.
  • And being able to run multiple apps that are in containers at the same time, such as Steam for gaming and GIMP for graphics editing.
  • Of course you need one of the more powerful Chomebooks to pull this off ;-)

Slice of Pi

Raspberry Pi Zero 2 W


  • $15 for a quad-core slice of Pi. 
  • 512MB of RAM. 
  • Same formfactor. 
  • I made the traditional attempt of trying to get one. 
  • Ada was out immediately. 
  • I still think it is amazing to have a quad core CPU in an SoC this small.
  • And 512MB of RAM is even big enough to run a lightweight Linux GUI without too much trouble.
  • Especially if it’s one of my favorites, Fluxbox, Window Maker, and of course, Raspberry Pi OS’s Pixel UI.


Pi Corder




  • The effort here is to remove all the automatic image processing which the Pi does
  • The hardware is just a 4GB Pi 4 and a Pi HQ camera with a 6mm lens.
  • So the big thing is allowing full control of the image settings to the user and the editor.
  • And the way schoolpost describes it, you’re getting image quality like you’d get from a $1000 video camera out of a Pi with the HQ cam.
  • Which is insane!
  • If they can hack in some clean HDMI out I will squee a little. 
  • They have spent some time making it usable as a camera. 
  • No random bits flopping about and a proper liveview. 
  • I could use another high quality camera for my broadcast studio, and one as cheap as a Pi project.

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